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29 August 2005 Using data of remote sensing to retrieve surface's evapotranspiration in northwest of China
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Northwestern China is a semi-arid or arid area in China. Ningnan (or South Ningxia) district is located south of Ningxia Province belong to Northwestern part of China. Climate in this region is more dry and lack of precipitation. Because global climate have been changing, temperature has been increasing and rainfall has been decreasing in South Ningxia. The ecology has been deteriorating, such as vegetation cover destroying, water losing and soil erosion. Therefore, the people who live in South Ningxia have been poor. Recently, Chinese government put into effect on strategy of "great development of Chinese northwest", aiming to improve environmental and ecological conditions and rise people's living standard. South Ningxia district was defined as area of emigration where the measurements of returning land for farming to forestry were taken into account . How to evaluate the plans and measurements is very important to continue to improving local environmental and ecological conditions further. The basic index of evaluation is soil water profit and loss statement while evapotranspiration (ET) is an important component in statement income and outcome of soil water. It is a very complicated problem to estimate evapotranspiration (ET) over large area of natural surface. In this paper, the natural surface was classified as 5 categories based on information from remote sensing, each categories being dealt with special way. Using data of remote sensing and weather stations, the result of regional evapotranspiration over Ningnan(South Ningxia) was given out, and verified and discussing are also made out. The work helps to assess whether or not improve environmental and ecological conditions.
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Xinwen Yu, Youfei Zheng, Jianmao Guo, and Jinhai He "Using data of remote sensing to retrieve surface's evapotranspiration in northwest of China", Proc. SPIE 5890, Atmospheric and Environmental Remote Sensing Data Processing and Utilization: Numerical Atmospheric Prediction and Environmental Monitoring, 58900L (29 August 2005);

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