18 August 2005 Precision telescope pointing and spacecraft vibration isolation for the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph
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The Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph is a visible-light coronagraph to detect planets that are orbiting within the Habitable Zone of stars. The coronagraph instrument must achieve a contrast ratio stability of 2e-11 in order to achieve planet detection. This places stringent requirements on several spacecraft subsystems, such as pointing stability and structural vibration of the instrument in the presence of mechanical disturbance: for example, telescope pointing must be accurate to within 4 milli-arcseconds, and the jitter of optics must be less than 5 nm. This paper communicates the architecture and predicted performance of a precision pointing and vibration isolation approach for TPF-C called Disturbance Free Payload (DFP)* . In this architecture, the spacecraft and payload fly in close-proximity, and interact with forces and torques through a set of non-contact interface sensors and actuators. In contrast to other active vibration isolation approaches, this architecture allows for isolation down to zero frequency, and the performance of the isolation system is not limited by sensor characteristics. This paper describes the DFP architecture, interface hardware and technical maturity of the technology. In addition, an integrated model of TPF-C Flight Baseline 1 (FB1) is described that allows for explicit computation of performance metrics from system disturbance sources. Using this model, it is shown that the DFP pointing and isolation architecture meets all pointing and jitter stability requirements with substantial margin. This performance relative to requirements is presented, and several fruitful avenues for utilizing performance margin for system design simplification are identified.
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Larry Dewell, Larry Dewell, Nelson Pedreiro, Nelson Pedreiro, Carl Blaurock, Carl Blaurock, Kuo-Chia Liu, Kuo-Chia Liu, James Alexander, James Alexander, Marie Levine, Marie Levine, } "Precision telescope pointing and spacecraft vibration isolation for the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph", Proc. SPIE 5899, UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes: Innovative Technologies and Concepts II, 589902 (18 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.618939; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.618939

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