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25 August 2005 1024 × 1024 Si:As IBC detector arrays for JWST MIRI
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Abstract
1K × 1K Si:As Impurity Band Conduction (IBC) arrays have been developed by RVS for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI). MIRI provides imaging, coronagraphy, and low and medium resolution spectroscopy over the 5 - 28 μm band. The IBC devices are also suitable for other low-background applications. The Si:As IBC detectors have a pixel dimension of 25 μm and respond to infrared radiation between 5 and 28 μm, covering an important Mid-IR region beyond the 1 - 5 μm range covered by the JWST NIRCam and NIRSpec instruments. Due to high terrestrial backgrounds at the longer Mid-IR wavelengths, it is very difficult to conduct ground-based observations at these wavelengths. Hence, the MIRI instrument on JWST can provide science not obtainable from the ground. We describe results of the development of a new 1024 × 1024 Si:As IBC array that responds with high quantum efficiency over the wavelength range 5 to 28 μm. The previous generation's largest, most sensitive infrared (IR) detectors at these wavelengths were the 256 × 256 / 30 μm pitch Si:As IBC devices built by Raytheon for the SIRTF/IRAC instrument1. Detector performance results will be discussed, including relative spectral response, Responsive Quantum Efficiency (RQE) vs. detector bias, and dark current versus temperature. In addition, Sensor Chip Assembly (SCA) data will be presented from the first Engineering SCAs. The detector ROIC utilizes a PMOS Source Follower per Detector (SFD) input circuit with a well capacity of about 2 × 105 electrons. The read noise of the "bare" MUX is less than 12 e- rms with Fowler-8 sampling at an operating temperature of 7 K. A companion paper by Craig McMurtry (University of Rochester) will discuss the details of SB305 MUX noise measurements2. Other features of the IBC array include 4 video outputs and a separate reference output with a frame rate of 0.36 Hz (2.75 sec frame time). Power dissipation is about 0.5 mW at a 0.36 Hz frame rate. Reset modes include both global reset and reset by row (ripple mode). Reference pixels are built-in to the output data stream. The 1K × 1K IBC is packaged in a robust modular package that consists of a multilayer motherboard, SiC pedestal, and cable assembly with 51-pin MDM connector. All materials of construction were chosen to match the thermal expansion coefficient of Silicon to provide excellent module thermal cycle reliability for cycling between room temperature and 7 K.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Peter J. Love, Alan W. Hoffman, Nancy A. Lum, Ken J. Ando, Joe Rosbeck, William D. Ritchie, Neil J. Therrien, Roger S. Holcombe, and Elizabeth Corrales "1024 × 1024 Si:As IBC detector arrays for JWST MIRI", Proc. SPIE 5902, Focal Plane Arrays for Space Telescopes II, 590209 (25 August 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.623473
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