22 September 2005 Diversity of thermophilic archaeal isolates from hot springs in Japan
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In the light of the significance of extremophiles as model organisms to access possible extraterrestiral life, we provide a short review of the systematics of thermophilic Archaea, and introduce our exploratory research of novel thermophilic Archaea from hot springs in Japan. Up to date, we have isolated 162 strains of the thermophilic Archaea from hot springs in Japan by the enrichment method or the most probable number/PCR method, and the 16S rRNA gene sequences were determined to reveal their phylogenetic diversity. The sequence comparison illustrated that the isolates belonged to the orders Sulfolobales (117 isolates) , Thermoproteales (29 isolates), Desulfurococcales (8 isolates) and Thermoplasmatales (8 isolates), and there were six separate lineages representing new genera, and at least seven new species as predicted by the phylogenetic distance to known species. The collection of isolates not only included novel taxa but would give some implication for a necessity to reevaluate the current taxonomy of the thermophilic Archaea.
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Takashi Itoh, Takashi Itoh, Naoto Yoshikawa, Naoto Yoshikawa, Tomonori Takashina, Tomonori Takashina, } "Diversity of thermophilic archaeal isolates from hot springs in Japan", Proc. SPIE 5906, Astrobiology and Planetary Missions, 590607 (22 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.623754; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.623754


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