14 September 2005 Detection and localization of multiple unresolved extended objects via monopulse radar signal processing
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With high resolution radars, realistic objects should be considered as extended rather than point targets. If several closely-spaced targets fall within the same radar beam and between adjacent matched filter samples in range, the full monopulse information from all of these samples can and should be used for estimation, both of angle and of range (with the range to sub-bin accuracy). To detect and localize multiple unresolved extended targets, we establish a model for monopulse radar returns from extended objects, and use a maximum likelihood estimator to localize the targets. Rissanen's minimum description length (MDL) will be used to decide the number of existing extended objects. We compare the new extended target monopulse processing scheme with previously developed point target monopulse techniques to show the improvement in terms of the estimation of target locations, the detection of the number of existing targets, and the tracking performance with a multiple hypothesis tracker (MHT) using the output from the proposed extended target monopulse processor.
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Xin Zhang, Xin Zhang, Peter Willett, Peter Willett, Yaakov Bar-Shalom, Yaakov Bar-Shalom, "Detection and localization of multiple unresolved extended objects via monopulse radar signal processing", Proc. SPIE 5913, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2005, 591305 (14 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.613122; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.613122

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