15 September 2005 The dimensionless score function for multiple hypothesis tracking
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This paper discusses several theoretical issues related to the score function for the measurement-to-track association/assignment decision in the track oriented version of the Multiple Hypothesis Tracker (MHT). This score function is the likelihood ratio: the ratio of the pdf of a measurement having originated from a track, to the pdf of this measurement having a different origin. The likelihood ratio score is derived rigorously starting from the fully Bayesian (hypothesis oriented) MHT, which is shown to be amenable under some (reasonable) assumptions to the track oriented MHT. The latter can be implemented efficiently using multidimensional assignment. The main feature of a likelihood ratio is the fact that it is a (physically) dimensionless quantity and, consequently, can be used for the association of different numbers of measurements and/or measurements of different dimension. The explicit forms of the likelihood ratio are discussed both for the commonly used Kalman tracking filter, as well as for the Interacting Multiple Model estimator. The issues of measurements of different dimension and different coordinate systems are also discussed.
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Y. Bar-Shalom, Y. Bar-Shalom, S. S. Blackman, S. S. Blackman, R. J. Fitzgerald, R. J. Fitzgerald, "The dimensionless score function for multiple hypothesis tracking", Proc. SPIE 5913, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2005, 59131I (15 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.616973; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.616973

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