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10 September 2005 Energetic electrons generation in high intensity and ultra-short laser pulse interactions with thin foil or low density gas jet targets
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Abstract
Energy and angular distributions of the fast outgoing electron beam induced by the interaction of 1-2 J, 30 fs, 3-20x1018 W/cm2 laser with a thin foil or a gas jet target are characterized by using both an electron spectrometer and Bremsstrahlung induced photo-nuclear reactions. The supra-thermic electron beams production was investigated for a solid target versus its thickness and its Z number, and for a gas jet target versus its pressure. Using a polyethylene target and a supersonic Helium gas jet target, we measured, respectively, up to 4x108 and 3x109 electrons produced per laser pulse, with energies up to, respectively, 60 MeV and 160 MeV. The associated Boltzmann temperature of these electrons is colder for thin foils (9 MeV) than for gas jet (18 MeV). About, respectively 0.06% and 1% of the laser energy has been converted to outgoing electrons with energies above 5 MeV. Such electrons leave the plasma in the laser direction within a cone with an opening angle of, respectively, 2.5° and 8.5°. We discuss the physical processes of electron acceleration. Numerical calculations show a good agreement with the experiments.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gerard Malka, M. M. Aleonard, G. Claverie, M. Gerbaux, F. Gobet, F. Hannachi, J. N. Scheurer, M. Tarisien, S. Fritzler, J. Faure, Y. Glinec, V. Malka, M. Manclossi, L. Notebaert, J. Santos, A. Tafo, N. Cochet, E. Lefebvre, V. Meot, P. Morel, and V. Tikhonchuk "Energetic electrons generation in high intensity and ultra-short laser pulse interactions with thin foil or low density gas jet targets", Proc. SPIE 5918, Laser-Generated, Synchrotron, and Other Laboratory X-Ray and EUV Sources, Optics, and Applications II, 59180Y (10 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.620233; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.620233
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