18 August 2005 Self-assembly of nanoscale building blocks: an in situ study
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Abstract
Building blocks with a nanoscale dimension (typically <100nm) have different properties compared with their bulk counterparts. For instance, the absorption and photoluminescence of semiconductor quantum dots show a strong size dependence [1, 2]. Charge injection onto a single quantum dot has to overcome a strong Coulomb charging energy. The magnetic moment of the surface atoms are strongly enhanced due to unquenched orbital moments in transition metal clusters [3]. Fundamentally, all these new phenomena can be attributed to two major effects on the nanometer scale, namely the quantum confinement of charge and spin [4] and the low coordination of surface atoms [5]. Development in colloidal chemistry during the past two decades has produced a variety of high quality nanoscale building blocks with many unique properties [6-10]. Although it is possible to study and utilize the physical properties of nanoparticles on a single particle level, it remains to be a technically challenging task. On the other hand, experiments on macroscopic 2D and 3D nanocrystal superlattices are more accessible. Self-assembly of nanocrystal building blocks not only provides a way to connect the nanoscale dimension to the macroscopic length scale, but it also creates a revolutionary new class of materials. New collective behavior is expected to emerge because of the strong coupling between building blocks [11, 12].
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Xiao-Min Lin, Suresh Narayanan, Xuefa Li, Jin Wang, "Self-assembly of nanoscale building blocks: an in situ study", Proc. SPIE 5929, Physical Chemistry of Interfaces and Nanomaterials IV, 59290E (18 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.618806; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.618806
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