30 August 2005 Nonlinear optical and electro-optic properties of organic-inorganic hybrid sol-gels doped with chromophores
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Proceedings Volume 5935, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials V; 593508 (2005); doi: 10.1117/12.620084
Event: Optics and Photonics 2005, 2005, San Diego, California, United States
Abstract
We report a systematic investigation on organic-inorganic hybrid sol-gels doped with nonlinear optical chromophores. The host is based on photosensitive sol-gels prepared from precursor of 3-(methacryloxy)propyl trimethoxysilane-zirconium (or aluminum) oxide (MAPTMS-Zr(Al)) hybrid system. The chromophores are incorporated into the hybrid sol-gels as both guest and side-chain. Second harmonic generation experiment has been conducted to optimize the poling parameters for the active sol-gel films and examine the stability of the second-order nonlinear optical coefficients. Electro-optic channel waveguides have been fabricated by direct ultra-violet (UV) exposure, direct blue laser writing, and reverse-mesa methods. Electro-optic effect of the waveguides is measured at 1550 nm. All the results show that the hybrid sol-gels are promising media for electro-optic devices for integrated optics in both performance and fabrication flexibility.
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Hongxi Zhang, Haiyong Gan, Dong Lu, Mahmoud Fallahi, "Nonlinear optical and electro-optic properties of organic-inorganic hybrid sol-gels doped with chromophores", Proc. SPIE 5935, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials V, 593508 (30 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.620084; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.620084
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KEYWORDS
Sol-gels

Waveguides

Chromophores

Electro optics

Ultraviolet radiation

Refractive index

Second-harmonic generation

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