24 September 2005 Measurement of optical fibers by interferometric methods
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Abstract
An overview of some important results is presented in measurement of optical fibers by interferometric methods in two domains. Both time-domain and spectral-domain measurements are analyzed theoretically including the effect of the first-order and second-order intermodal dispersion. In the time-domain measurements, a tandem configuration of a Michelson interferometer and a few-mode optical fiber is used and the spatial interference fringes are resolved to measure the intermodal group optical path difference. In the spectral-domain measurements, the intermodal interference at the output of an optical fiber alone shows up as a periodic modulation of the source spectrum when a high-resolution spectrometer is used. Utilizing a white-light spectral interferometric method employing a low-resolution spectrometer and a tandem configuration of a Michelson interferometer and an optical fiber under test, the equalization wavelengths are resolved and the intermodal dispersion in the optical fiber can be measured over a wide spectral range. We have used the method for measuring either intermodal dispersion in circular-core, elliptical-core and bow-tie fibers or dispersion of birefringence in elliptical-core fibers.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Petr Hlubina "Measurement of optical fibers by interferometric methods", Proc. SPIE 5952, Optical Fibers: Applications, 59520O (24 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.616292; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.616292
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