24 June 2005 Error-resilient low-delay H.264/802.11 transmission via cross-layer coding with feedback channel
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Proceedings Volume 5960, Visual Communications and Image Processing 2005; 59605H (2005) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.633376
Event: Visual Communications and Image Processing 2005, 2005, Beijing, China
Abstract
We propose a method of providing error resilient H.264 video over 802.11 wireless channels by using a feedback mechanism which does not incur an additional delay typically found in ARQ-type feedback. Our system uses the TCP/IP and UDP/IP protocols, located between the medium access control (MAC) layer of 802.11, and the H.264 video application layer. The UDP protocol is used to transfer time sensitive video data without delay; however, packet losses introduce excessive artifacts which propagate to subsequent frames. Error resilience is achieved by a feedback mechanism-the decoder conveys the packet-loss information as small TCP packets to the video source as negative acknowledgements. By using multiple reference frames, slice-based coding and timely intra-refresh, the encoder makes use of this feedback information to perform subsequent temporal prediction without propagating the error to future frames. We take static measurements of the actual channel and use the packet loss and delay patterns to test our algorithms. Simulations show an improvement of 0.5~5 dB in PSNR over plain UDP-based video transmission. Our method improves the overall quality of service of interactive video transmission over wireless LAN; it can be used as a model for future media-aware wireless network protocol designs.
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Tuan-Kiang Chiew, Tuan-Kiang Chiew, Paul Hill, Paul Hill, Pierre Ferre, Pierre Ferre, Dimitris Agrafiotis, Dimitris Agrafiotis, James T. H. Chung-How, James T. H. Chung-How, Andy Nix, Andy Nix, David R. Bull, David R. Bull, } "Error-resilient low-delay H.264/802.11 transmission via cross-layer coding with feedback channel", Proc. SPIE 5960, Visual Communications and Image Processing 2005, 59605H (24 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.633376; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.633376
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