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14 October 2005 Extend focal depth of a tracking lens by phase apodizers
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Abstract
In a conventional particle tracking system, the depth of field is usually very small because of the use of high power imaging lens. The tracking accuracy may also be affected by the smearing of spot image, caused by focal shift. Increasing the focal depth and keeping uniform spot size in the focal region is highly desirable for a high accurate tracking system. In this report, we study the design of phase apdodizer that could be used to increase the focal depth of a tracking lens. The design is based on the requirements by highly accurate tracking that the point-spread function (PSF) of the lens keep an even and concentrated energy distribution when the lens is defocused. To achieve this purpose, a pure phase-shifting apodizer is introduced on the pupil plane of the lens. The function of the apodizer is to control the energy distribution of the 3D diffraction pattern near the focal region and make the effective spot size uniform or minimum variation along optical axis. The pattern of the 3D PSF of the lens with the apodizer shapes closed to a cylinder. New method used to search and optimize the design of the phase apodizer that meet the requirements of a particle tracking system will be studied. Theoretical analysis and numerical simulation are given in support of the method.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Xianyang Cai, Shoude Chang, and Costel Flueraru "Extend focal depth of a tracking lens by phase apodizers", Proc. SPIE 5962, Optical Design and Engineering II, 596216 (14 October 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.625007
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