5 October 2005 Optically controlled phase-shifter for antenna beam-forming
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Abstract
We propose here to apply the technique of the optical control of microwave devices to perform phase-shifting for microstrip phased arrays. The physical principle used is the photoconductive effect which enables the creation of a variable microwave load, when a gap in a line is illuminated with an optical signal of adequate wavelength. This principle is applied on a hybrid microwave ring. We have designed a phase-shifter with continuously varying phase and quasi-constant |S21|, with few return losses. The measurements have given interesting results. A low cost and small size microstrip phased array antenna has been designed. By illuminating the phase-shifter under different optical powers, the main beam can be scanned in the H-plane continuously from -25° to 25°.
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Mohamed El Khaldi, Mohamed El Khaldi, Florence Podevin, Florence Podevin, Anne Vilcot, Anne Vilcot, } "Optically controlled phase-shifter for antenna beam-forming", Proc. SPIE 5971, Photonic Applications in Nonlinear Optics, Nanophotonics, and Microwave Photonics, 597129 (5 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.628823; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.628823
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