21 October 2005 SWIR to LWIR HgCdTe detectors and FPAs for remote sensing applications
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Abstract
Remote sensing programs require detectors with a variety of wavelengths. One example of remote sensing applications is the GOES-ABI program that requires linear arrays of detectors with cutoff wavelengths ranging from the visible to the VLWIR (λc ~ 15 μm). In order to target the variety of remote sensing applications, an internal task was conducted to develop detectors and linear arrays operating under nominal remote sensing applications. SWIR [λc(295 K) ~ 2.5 μm] test detectors have been measured as a function of temperature between 170 K and 295 K. At 200 K the RoA values are in the 106 ohm-cm2 range. MWIR [λc(60 K) = 5.3 μm] and LWIR [λc(60 K) = 10.5 μm] HgCdTe detectors in a 320 x 6 array format have also been measured at 60 K. Within the arrays, the detector size is 40 μm x 50 μm. The MWIR detector array has a mean quantum efficiency of 89.2 % with a standard deviation to mean ratio, σ/μ = 1.51 %. The integration time for the focal plane array (FPA) measurements is 1.76 ms with a frame rate of 557.7 Hz. Operability values exceeding 99.5 % have been obtained. In addition, test diodes at the edge of the array that did not go through a read out integrated circuit (ROIC) were also measured and had quantum efficiency ~ 86 % that agreed well with the ~ 87 % quantum efficiency measured for detectors in the array that were located near the test detectors. The LWIR arrays, measured at 60K also had high operability with only ~ 3 % of the detectors having out of family response. Using best detector select (BDS) feature in the read out integrated circuit (ROIC), a feature that picks out the best detector in every row of six detectors, a 320 x 1 array with 100 % operability is obtained. For the 320 x1 array constituted using the BDS feature, a 100 % operable LWIR array with average NEI value of 1.94x1011 ph/cm2/s at a flux of 7.0x1014 ph/cm2/s has been demonstrated.
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A. I. D'Souza, A. I. D'Souza, M. G. Stapelbroek, M. G. Stapelbroek, L. Dawson, L. Dawson, P. Ely, P. Ely, C. Yoneyama, C. Yoneyama, J. Reekstin, J. Reekstin, H.-D. Shih, H.-D. Shih, M. Skokan, M. Skokan, T. Teherani, T. Teherani, J. Robinson, J. Robinson, } "SWIR to LWIR HgCdTe detectors and FPAs for remote sensing applications", Proc. SPIE 5978, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IX, 597818 (21 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.627752; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.627752
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