13 October 2005 McCART: Monte Carlo code for atmospheric radiative transfer
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McCART is a numerical procedure to solve the radiative transfer equation for light propagation through the atmosphere especially developed to study the effect of the atmosphere on the response of hyperspectral sensors for remote sensing of the earth's surface. McCART is based on a single Monte Carlo simulation run for a reference layered plane non-absorbing atmosphere and a plane ground with uniform reflectance. The spectral response of the sensor for a given distribution of ground reflectance and for a specific profile of scattering and absorption properties of the atmosphere is obtained in a short time from the results of the Monte Carlo simulation, making use of scaling relationships and of symmetry properties. The response includes the effects of adjacent pixels. The results can be used to establish the limits of applicability of approximate algorithms for the processing and analysis of hyperspectral images. The algorithm can be also used to develop procedures of atmospheric compensation.
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Vanni Nardino, Samuele Del Bianco, Fabrizio Martelli, Donatella Guzzi, Paolo Marcoionni, Ivan Pippi, Piero Bruscaglioni, Giovanni Zaccanti, "McCART: Monte Carlo code for atmospheric radiative transfer", Proc. SPIE 5981, Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems VIII, 598103 (13 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.627593; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.627593

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