15 November 2005 Kinoform lenses: toward nanometer resolution
Author Affiliations +
While hard x-rays have wavelengths in the nanometer and sub-nanometer range, the ability to focus them is limited by the quality of sources and optics, and not by the wavelength. A few options, including reflective (mirrors), diffractive (zone plates) and refractive (CRL's) are available, each with their own limitations. Here we present our work with kinoform lenses which are refractive lenses with all material causing redundant 2π phase shifts removed to reduce the absorption problems inherently limiting the resolution of refractive lenses. By stacking kinoform lenses together, the effective numerical aperture, and thus the focusing resolution, can be increased. The present status of kinoform lens fabrication and testing at Brookhaven is presented as well as future plans toward achieving nanometer resolution.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Aaron Stein, Aaron Stein, Kenneth Evans-Lutterodt, Kenneth Evans-Lutterodt, Ashley Taylor, Ashley Taylor, } "Kinoform lenses: toward nanometer resolution", Proc. SPIE 6002, Nanofabrication: Technologies, Devices, and Applications II, 600210 (15 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.631188; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.631188


Aberration-free x-ray lenses made of silicon
Proceedings of SPIE (September 14 2016)
Tunable diffractive optical elements for hard x-rays
Proceedings of SPIE (December 12 2001)
Refractive and diffractive x-ray optical elements
Proceedings of SPIE (December 12 2001)
Silicon planar parabolic lenses
Proceedings of SPIE (January 04 2001)
Imaging with single-dimension kinoform lenses
Proceedings of SPIE (November 03 2004)

Back to Top