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21 November 2005 Improved optical sub-systems for intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence imaging
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Proceedings Volume 6009, Optical Methods in Drug Discovery and Development; 60090C (2005)
Event: Optics East 2005, 2005, Boston, MA, United States
Near-infrared light propagation through living tissue provides promising opportunities for the development of non-invasive imaging techniques for human care. We have developed a Fluorescence-Assisted Resection and Exploration (FLARE) imaging system for surgery. The FLARE system uses invisible near-infrared light to help the surgeon visualize critical structures intraoperatively and in real-time. We present here the continued optimization of our imaging system from a research prototype to an efficient and ergonomic tool to be used during human surgery. New, hands-free operation enables the surgeon to zoom, focus, recall and save images through a footswitch. A LabVIEW curve-fitting algorithm, in combination with stepper motor control, provides auto-focus capability. Cardiac and/or respiratory gating minimizes motion artifacts of moving objects in the surgical field, and permits in-focus imaging during long fluorescence integration times. Automated subtraction of the near-infrared fluorescence signal from background reflections minimizes the effect of ambient illumination and improves the contrast to noise ratio with only moderate effects on intensity precision. Taken together, this study improves several optical components of the FLARE system, and helps ready it for human clinical testing.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sylvain Gioux, Alec M. Degrand, Deborah S. Lee, Siavash Yazdanfar, John D. Idoine, Stephen J. Lomnes, and John V. Frangioni "Improved optical sub-systems for intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence imaging", Proc. SPIE 6009, Optical Methods in Drug Discovery and Development, 60090C (21 November 2005);

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