24 October 2005 High index contrast photonics platform
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Abstract
A new low-loss high-index-contrast photonics platform has been developed for integrated optics and microwave photonics. The platform consists of a material system that has an index contrast that is adjustable from 0 to 25% and which is processed using conventional CMOS tools. The platform allows one to four orders of magnitude reduction in the size of optical components compared with conventional planar technologies. As an example, meter long path lengths occupy coils that are millimeters in diameter. Microwave photonic building blocks that are enabled include large bit count programmable delay lines for beam steering and shaping that fit in less than a square centimeter and which have delays controllable from 5 fsec to 10 nsec. Also enabled are arrays of high order tunable filters, a hundred micrometers in size, having linewidths ranging from tens of MHz to tens of GHz. These filters can be tuned over several hundred GHz, and when placed in Vernier architectures can be tuned across the C band (5 THz). An optical chip typically consists of dozens of optical elements. Each element is placed in its own micro-control loop that consists of a thin film heater for thermo-optic control and a thermistor for electronic feedback. The micro-control loops impart intelligence to the optical chip.
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Sai T. Chu, Sai T. Chu, Brent E. Little, Brent E. Little, John V. Hryniewicz, John V. Hryniewicz, Fred G. Johnson, Fred G. Johnson, Oliver King, Oliver King, Dave Gill, Dave Gill, Wenlu Chen, Wenlu Chen, Wei Chen, Wei Chen, } "High index contrast photonics platform", Proc. SPIE 6014, Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications V, 60140E (24 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.631065; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.631065
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