A new formalism is used to calculate the combined effect of PMD and PDL. By means of a Monte Carlo simulation, a probability distribution for the largest pulse spreading in a fiber with PMD and PDL is simulated, which can be approximated by a generalized lambda distribution.
Jan Bechtle, Jan Bechtle,
"Probability distribution of PMD in the presence of PDL", Proc. SPIE 6019, Passive Components and Fiber-based Devices II, 60192S (2 December 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.636996; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.636996