28 January 2006 All-optical 40Gbit/s format conversion from NRZ to RZ based on SFG in a PPLN waveguide
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Proceedings Volume 6025, ICO20: Optical Communication; 60250T (2006) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.667020
Event: ICO20:Optical Devices and Instruments, 2005, Changchun, China
A novel all-optical 40Gbit/s NRZ-to-RZ data format conversion scheme based on sum-frequency generation (SFG) interaction in a periodically poled LiNbO3 (PPLN) waveguide is presented for the first time, using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI). The conversion mechanism relies on the combination of attenuation and nonlinear phase shift ΦNL induced on the signal field. The performance of the conversion is numerically evaluated, with the result showing that it is more effective to yield ΦNL when appropriately phase mismatched for SFG process but ΦNL≈0 when quasi-phase-matching (QPM). Compared with the cascaded second-order nonlinear interactions (SHG+DFG) with the influence of walk-off effect, a high conversion efficiency and good performance are achieved with peak power 500mw and width 2ps of the pump, which can be used in super high-speed situation (40Gbit/s and above). Finally, the inverse process of SFG and corresponding walk-off effect are analyzed and the optimum arrangement of power is proposed, showing that proper power, pump width, and waveguide length are necessary for achieving a satisfied conversion effect.
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Jian Wang, Jian Wang, Junqiang Sun, Junqiang Sun, } "All-optical 40Gbit/s format conversion from NRZ to RZ based on SFG in a PPLN waveguide", Proc. SPIE 6025, ICO20: Optical Communication, 60250T (28 January 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.667020; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.667020

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