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5 January 2006 Modulation recognition for real HF signals
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Abstract
High-frequency (HF) communications is undergoing resurgence despite advances in long-range satellite communication systems. Defense agencies are using the HF spectrum for backup communications, as well as for spectrum surveillance applications. Spectrum management organizations are monitoring the HF spectrum to control and enforce licensing. These activities usually require systems capable of determining the location of a source of transmissions, separating valid signals from interference and noise, and recognizing signal modulation. Our ultimate aim is to develop robust modulation recognition algorithms for real HF signals, that is, signals propagating by multiple ionospheric modes with cochannel signals and non-Gaussian noise. One aspect of modulation recognition is the extraction of signal identifying features. This paper continues our work of applying various feature parameters to real HF signals and gives guidance on which features show potential for use in robust recognition of HF modulation types in the presence of HF noise and multi-path. It also defines a measure of mean separation distance between modulation types based on an entropy parameter, and discusses the probability density function of HF noise.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
James E. Giesbrecht, Russell Clarke, and Derek Abbott "Modulation recognition for real HF signals", Proc. SPIE 6035, Microelectronics: Design, Technology, and Packaging II, 60351S (5 January 2006); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.638553
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