Governing parameters in decision making for gear changing of an automated manual transmission are discussed based on two different criteria, namely engine working conditions and driver's intention. By taking into consideration the effects of these parameters, gear shifting strategy is designed with the application of Fuzzy control method. The controller structure is formed in two layers. In the first layer two fuzzy inference modules are used to determine necessary outputs. In second layer a fuzzy inference module makes the decision of shifting by up-shift, downshift or maintain commands. The quality of Fuzzy controller behavior is examined by making use of ADVISOR software. It is shown that at different driving conditions the controller makes correct decisions for gear shifting accounting for dynamical requirements of vehicle. It is also shown that the controller based on both engine state and driver's intention eliminates unnecessary shiftings that are present when the intention is ignored. A micro-trip is designed in which a required speed in the form of a step function is demanded for the vehicle. Starting from rest both strategies change the gear to reach maximum speed more or less in a similar fashion. In deceleration phase, however, large differences are observed between the two strategies. The engine-state strategy is less sensitive to downshift, taking even unnecessary up shift decisions. The state-intention strategy, however, correctly interprets the driver's intention for decreasing speed and utilizes engine brake torque to reduce vehicle speed in a shorter time.
"A fuzzy gear shifting strategy for manual transmissions", Proc. SPIE 6042, ICMIT 2005: Control Systems and Robotics, 60424M (2 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.664819; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.664819