3 November 2005 Runway detection of an unmanned landing aerial vehicle based on vision
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Proceedings Volume 6043, MIPPR 2005: SAR and Multispectral Image Processing; 60432A (2005) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.654995
Event: MIPPR 2005 SAR and Multispectral Image Processing, 2005, Wuhan, China
When an monocular vision-based unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based on vision is flown to the final approach fix to intercept the glide slope without the navigation of Global Positioning System (GPS), the position and orientation of the airport runway in image must be detected accurately so as to a host of suitable procedures have to be followed. The optimum length of the final approach is about five miles from the runway threshold. The front view of the runway, which is achieved at the moment, is very illegible. The approaching marking (cross bar) of the runway are showed as some white spots of high intensity and the complicated backgrounds of the airport are included in the images. In this case, spots with high intensity should be extracted and classified, some of these spots are just the images of the background noises and the pseudo-targets, which can't be separated with the spots of the runway as in the view there is no significant characteristic difference among them ostensibly. Fortunately, in the terrestrial coordinate space, most of the runway marks are located at the apexes of a rectangle, having some geometric relationships. The relationship among the projection coordinates of the runway spots in the images can be determined according to the perspective principle, the constraint condition of the rectangle as well as the front shot constraint condition of the target, by using this relationship, the runway approaching marks can be separated, the position and the direction of the runway in the images can be identified. In this paper, the clustering management is adopted so as to greatly reduce the computing time. The consequence of the experiments shows that by this algorithm, even from a place far away from the runway whose marks are unclear, we also can effectively detect the runway.
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Hongqun Wang, Hongqun Wang, Jiaxiong Peng, Jiaxiong Peng, Lingling Li, Lingling Li, "Runway detection of an unmanned landing aerial vehicle based on vision", Proc. SPIE 6043, MIPPR 2005: SAR and Multispectral Image Processing, 60432A (3 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.654995; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.654995

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