6 December 2005 Direct alignment of nematic liquid crystal molecule using atomic force microscope nano-rubbing
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Proceedings Volume 6050, Optomechatronic Micro/Nano Devices and Components; 605013 (2005) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.648644
Event: Optomechatronic Technologies 2005, 2005, Sapporo, Japan
The orientation control of liquid crystal (LC) molecular on the polyimide film has been necessary to fabricate LC devices. Nano-rubbing by atomic force microscope (AFM) has been proposed as the one of methods to control it precisely. In the method, a thin polyimide film was rubbed by a sharpened AFM probe-tip with relatively strong load force. However, the method has some drawbacks; the frictional wear of AFM probe-tip and the difficulty of reorientation after rubbing. In this paper, we have proposed the orientation control of LC on the polyimide film and using direct AFM nano-rubbing method with weak load forces. The change of LC alignment was quantitatively observed by a polarization microscope and birefringence-contrast scanning near-field optical microscope. The effect of scanning density was strong for azimuth angle but the effect of the scanning velocity was weak for both retardation and azimuth angle. An optical switching device was developed utilized isotropic-nematic phase change of liquid crystal which was rubbed in the grating pattern with methyl red dying, and the optical device was operated at the frequency of 0.5Hz. As a result, The proposed method had an effective method to fabricate novel liquid crystal optical devices.
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Itaru Nishiyama, Itaru Nishiyama, Norio Yoshida, Norio Yoshida, Mizue Ebisawa, Mizue Ebisawa, Atsuo Takayanagi, Atsuo Takayanagi, Yukitoshi Otani, Yukitoshi Otani, Norihiro Umeda, Norihiro Umeda, } "Direct alignment of nematic liquid crystal molecule using atomic force microscope nano-rubbing", Proc. SPIE 6050, Optomechatronic Micro/Nano Devices and Components, 605013 (6 December 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.648644; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.648644

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