9 June 2006 Investigation of laser ablation of fused and crystal silica and natural silicates induced by pulsed CO2 laser irradiation
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Proceedings Volume 6053, International Conference on Lasers, Applications, and Technologies 2005: High-Power Lasers and Applications; 60530T (2006) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.660409
Event: International Conference on Lasers, Applications, and Technologies 2005, 2005, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Abstract
The process of laser ablation of fused and crystal silica and natural silicates induced by pulsed CO2 laser irradiation (total pulse duration of 35 μs, laser pulse rise time of 0.1 μs, pulse energy of 10 J) has been studied. By action of focused laser radiation at the surface of samples the appearance of erosion plume at the irradiated surface take place. For study of ablation regimes the frame image of laser induced plume by use of high speed photography method with 2 microsecond expose of each frame have been made. It has been observed the formation of two different type of laser plume during laser pulse action. First type plume represents a long narrow plume with the onset close to start of laser pulse. The maximal length of this plume is about of 20 millimeter. The second type of plume represents a conical plume with the onset, which is late from laser pulse start for a few microsecond. The first type plume expands in to laser beam direction. The second type plume expands normal to the surface. The velocity of laser plume particles by means of measurements of moment transferred into samples during laser pulse action has been measured. It has been obtained, that value of this velocity varies in region of (l÷3)103 m/s in dependence of laser fluency value. The appearance of first time plume have a threshold which equal to 0.30 kJ/cm2 whereas the appearance of second type plume have not a such threshold and may take place at low laser fluency. We believe, that the first type plume connects with the selective ablation of SimOn complexes whereas second type plume connects with the thermal heating caused by dissipation of laser energy in to system of low frequency acoustics phonons.
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A. F. Mukhamedgalieva, A. M. Bondar, A. A. Ionin, Yu. M. Klimachev, D. V. Sinitsyn, V. D. Zvorykin, "Investigation of laser ablation of fused and crystal silica and natural silicates induced by pulsed CO2 laser irradiation", Proc. SPIE 6053, International Conference on Lasers, Applications, and Technologies 2005: High-Power Lasers and Applications, 60530T (9 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.660409; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.660409
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