16 January 2006 Internet-based remote counseling to support stress management: preventing interruptions to regular exercise in elderly people
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Abstract
Our research showed that a high degree of life-stress has a negative mental health effect that may interrupt regular exercise. We used an internet based, remotely conducted, face to face, preventive counseling program using video monitors to reduce the source of life-stresses that interrupts regular exercise and evaluated the preventative effects of the program in elderly people. NTSC Video signals were converted to the IP protocol and facial images were transmitted to a PC display using the exclusive optical network lines of JGN2. Participants were 22 elderly people in Hokkaido, Japan, who regularly played table tennis. A survey was conducted before the intervention in August 2003. IT remote counseling was conducted on two occasions for one hour on each occasion. A post intervention survey was conducted in February 2004 and a follow-up survey was conducted in March 2005. Network quality was satisfactory with little data loss and high display quality. Results indicated that self-esteem increased significantly, trait anxiety decreased significantly, cognition of emotional support by people other than family members had a tendency to increase, and source of stress had a tendency to decrease after the intervention. Follow-up results indicated that cognition of emotional support by family increased significantly, and interpersonal dependency decreased significantly compared to before the intervention. These results suggest that face to face IT remote counseling using video monitors is useful to keep elderly people from feeling anxious and to make them confident to continue exercising regularly. Moreover, it has a stress management effect.
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Sayuri Hashimoto, Tsunestugu Munakata, Nobuyuki Hashimoto, Jyunzo Okunaka, Tatsuzo Koga, "Internet-based remote counseling to support stress management: preventing interruptions to regular exercise in elderly people", Proc. SPIE 6061, Internet Imaging VII, 60610T (16 January 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.641667; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.641667
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