17 February 2006 Optimal detector for an additive watermarking scheme based on human auditory system
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One requirement for audio watermarks is that the embedded watermark should be imperceptible and does not alter the audio signal quality. To achieve this goal, existing audio watermarking methods use a power constraint or more sophisticated Human Auditory System (HAS) models. At the embedding side the watermark signal is shaped by a masking curve computed on the original signal. At the detector, signal processing like Wiener filtering or inverse filtering whitens the watermark and tries to avoid host signal effect. Then, the correlation detector, which is the Maximum Likelihood (ML) optimal detector, is applied considering Gaussian assumption for the signals. The method described in this paper uses a different approach in the DFT domain. A new ML detector is derived assuming a Weibull distribution for the modulus of the Discrete Fourier Transform of the host signal. Performances of the new proposed detector are given and compared to the correlation detector that assumes a Gaussian distribution of the signal.
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Mohsen Haddad, Andre Gilloire, Alain Le Guyader, Pierre Duhamel, "Optimal detector for an additive watermarking scheme based on human auditory system", Proc. SPIE 6072, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VIII, 60721Z (17 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.650824; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.650824

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