24 February 2006 Molecular imaging of low-power laser irradiation induced cell proliferation
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Abstract
Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) has been shown to promote cell proliferation in various cell types, yet the mechanism of which has not been fully clarified. Studying the signaling pathways involved in the laser irradiation is important for understanding these processes. The Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) signaling pathway is a network that governs proliferation, differentiation and cell survival. Recent studies suggest that Ras/Raf signaling pathway is involved in the LPLI-induced cell proliferation. Protein kinase Cs (PKCs) have been recently presumed to be involved in the regulation of cell proliferation induced by LPLI. In present study, to monitor the direct interaction between Ras and Raf and PKCs activation after LPLI treatment in living cells in real time, Raichu-Ras reporter and C kinase activity reporter (CKAR) were utilized, both of which were constructed based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique. Our results show that the direct interaction between Ras and Raf is monitored during cell proliferation induced by LPLI (0.8 J/cm2) in serum-starved human lung adenocarcinoma cells (ASTC-a-1) expressing Raichu-Ras reporter using FRET imaging on laser scanning confocal microscope, and that the increasing dynamics of PKCs activity is also monitored during cell proliferation induced by LPLI (0.8 J/cm2) in serum-starved ASTC-a-1 cells expressing CKAR reporter using the similar way. Taken together, LPLI induces the ASTC-a-1 cell proliferation by activated Ras directly interacting with Raf and by specifically activating PKCs.
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Xuejuan Gao, Fang Wang, Xing Da, "Molecular imaging of low-power laser irradiation induced cell proliferation", Proc. SPIE 6087, Biophotonics and Immune Responses, 60870N (24 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.644569; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.644569
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