21 February 2006 Imaging multiple endogenous and exogenous fluorescent species in cells and tissues
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Hyperspectral imaging provides complex image data with spectral information from many fluorescent species contained within the sample such as the fluorescent labels and cellular or pigment autofluorescence. To maximize the utility of this spectral imaging technique it is necessary to couple hyperspectral imaging with sophisticated multivariate analysis methods to extract meaningful relationships from the overlapped spectra. Many commonly employed multivariate analysis techniques require the identity of the emission spectra of each component to be known or pure component pixels within the image, a condition rarely met in biological samples. Multivariate curve resolution (MCR) has proven extremely useful for analyzing hyperspectral and multispectral images of biological specimens because it can operate with little or no a priori information about the emitting species, making it appropriate for interrogating samples containing autofluorescence and unanticipated contaminating fluorescence. To demonstrate the unique ability of our hyperspectral imaging system coupled with MCR analysis techniques we will analyze hyperspectral images of four-color in-situ hybridized rat brain tissue containing 455 spectral pixels from 550 - 850 nm. Even though there were only four colors imparted onto the tissue in this case, analysis revealed seven fluorescent species, including contributions from cellular autofluorescence and the tissue mounting media. Spectral image analysis will be presented along with a detailed discussion of the origin of the fluorescence and specific illustrations of the adverse effects of ignoring these additional fluorescent species in a traditional microscopy experiment and a hyperspectral imaging system.
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Jerilyn A. Timlin, Jerilyn A. Timlin, Linda T. Nieman, Linda T. Nieman, Howland D. T. Jones, Howland D. T. Jones, Michael B. Sinclair, Michael B. Sinclair, David M. Haaland, David M. Haaland, John F. Guzowski, John F. Guzowski, } "Imaging multiple endogenous and exogenous fluorescent species in cells and tissues", Proc. SPIE 6088, Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues IV, 608805 (21 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.647228; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.647228

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