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22 February 2006 In vivo multiphoton and second harmonic generation microscopy of epithelial carcinogenesis
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Proceedings Volume 6091, Optical Biopsy VI; 60910B (2006) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.646564
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2006, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
Multiphoton microscopy and second harmonic generation microscopy were used to image epithelial changes in a hamster model for oral malignant transformation. In vivo imaging was performed to characterize morphometric alterations in normal and precancerous regions. Morphometric measurements such as cell nucleus area and epithelial thicknesses obtained from MPM-SHGM were in excellent agreement with histology obtained after in vivo imaging. MPM-SHGM was highly sensitive to spectroscopic and architectural alterations throughout carcinogenesis, showing statistically significant changes in morphology. MPM revealed hyperkeratosis, nuclear enlargement/crowding in dysplasia, and immune cell infiltration. SHGM revealed alterations in submucosal architecture, with a decrease in SHG density evident during early stages of precancer. By combining MPM with SHGM, the basement membrane could be identified in normal, hyperplasia, and dysplasia samples and in some cases of early invasion. The combined technique of MPM-SHGM has the potential to serve as an adjunct to biopsy for assessing precancerous changes and will be investigated further for that purpose. Additionally, the method can provide spatiotemporal assessment of early neoplastic changes in order to elucidate the stages of transformation in vivo and could be used to assess therapeutic efficacy of agents being tested for the treatment of epithelial precancers/cancer.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gracie Vargas, Tuya Shilagard, Ju Sun, and Massoud Motamedi "In vivo multiphoton and second harmonic generation microscopy of epithelial carcinogenesis", Proc. SPIE 6091, Optical Biopsy VI, 60910B (22 February 2006); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.646564
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