27 February 2006 Cells and biofluids analyzed in aqueous environment by infrared spectroscopy
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Abstract
Infrared transmission/absorption measurements of cells and biofluids in water are restricted to very short optical pathlengths. When the amide I and amide II bands of protein constituents have to be analysed, path-lengths of less than 8 μm are necessary. Infrared spectra of cancer cells were collected from physiological buffer solutions utilizing custom-made mid-infrared compatible IR-cuvettes. The technology permitted to obtain cell-type specific spectral signatures and probe biochemical changes induced by varying temperatures or cell-drug interaction. Optical path-lengths of 8-30 μm were used on a set of microbial test strains to evaluate, whether the methodology can also be used to discriminate and identify micro-organisms. A semi-automatic methodology was developed for the analysis of liquid serum samples, which combines simple sample handling with high sample throughput and extreme measurement reproducibility. The applicability of this infrared technology to the analysis of liquid serum samples from cattle and human beings suffering from various acute viral or bacterial infections was explored testing the interrelationship between α-helical and β-sheet specific spectral signatures in the amide I band contour and total albumin and globulin content in serum. The technical details, advantages, and limitations of the new technology are described in the context of developing a routine, IR-based biodiagnostic technique for biofluids and biological cells.
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D. Naumann, D. Naumann, P. Lasch, P. Lasch, H. Fabian, H. Fabian, } "Cells and biofluids analyzed in aqueous environment by infrared spectroscopy", Proc. SPIE 6093, Biomedical Vibrational Spectroscopy III: Advances in Research and Industry, 609301 (27 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.659314; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.659314
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