28 February 2006 Application of antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles for optical molecular imaging of epithelial carcinoma cells
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Abstract
Advanced optical technologies for in vivo imaging e.g. OCT and confocal reflectance endomicroscopy while being able to image stromal morphology, are unable to image biomolecular changes associated with carcinogenesis. Furthermore, the contrast between neoplastic and normal tissues from such advanced optical technologies is often too low to be of any clinical value. Due to their favorable optical properties including their ability to resonantly scatter light at surface plasmon resonance to present potentially good contrast for reflectance-mode imaging, we aim to develop gold nanoparticles as optical contrast agents coupled with these optical imaging systems to perform cancer targeting bioimaging for early diagnosis of epithelial carcinoma. In this study, 20 nm gold nanoparticles were synthesized and conjugated with anti-EGFR (Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor). EGFR is a cell surface receptor biomarker that is highly expressed in majority of epithelial cancer compared to normal cells. The resulting anti-EGFR conjugated gold nanoparticles were allowed to interact with the nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE2 cells in vitro. The exact localization of the gold bioconjugates on the cell surface EGFR receptors was investigated using confocal immunofluorescence microscopy. We have demonstrated that the binding and localization of the gold bioconjugates on the cell surface increased the reflectance and scattering properties of the CNE2 cells and provide good optical contrast for the cancer cells under confocal reflectance microscopy. Thus our study has demonstrated the potential of gold nanoparticles to target and illuminate cancer cells for bioimaging.
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James C.Y. Kah, James C.Y. Kah, Colin J.R. Sheppard, Colin J.R. Sheppard, Caroline G.L. Lee, Caroline G.L. Lee, Malini C. Olivo, Malini C. Olivo, } "Application of antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles for optical molecular imaging of epithelial carcinoma cells", Proc. SPIE 6095, Nanobiophotonics and Biomedical Applications III, 609503 (28 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.651980; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.651980
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