28 February 2006 Waveguide formation in Nd-doped YVO4 using multiple implants
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Abstract
Optical waveguides have been formed by proton implantation in Nd:YVO4 crystals using energies from 0.4 to 1 MeV and doses of the order of 1×1016 ions/cm2. Double implants were realized to generate wide optical barriers and a triple implant produced stacked waveguides. Waveguide characterization comprises propagation modes, refractive index profiles, near field imaging and spectroscopic properties. Differences between the waveguides were found in terms of mode confinement which is important for integrated devices.
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G. V. Vázquez, G. V. Vázquez, M. E. Sánchez-Morales, M. E. Sánchez-Morales, H. Márquez, H. Márquez, P. Moretti, P. Moretti, } "Waveguide formation in Nd-doped YVO4 using multiple implants", Proc. SPIE 6116, Optical Components and Materials III, 611603 (28 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.642361; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.642361
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