24 February 2006 Enhanced Cerenkov second-harmonic generation in patterned lithium niobate
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Abstract
We present experimental results of second harmonic generation enhancement through the resonance of the band edge in a photonic crystal based on lithium niobate. Proton exchange technique was used to fabricate a waveguide near the surface of the lithium niobate substrate. The photonic crystal structure over the waveguide was made by UV laser interferometry. Subsequently experiments were designed to quantify the Cerenkov second-harmonic generation (CSHG) radiated into the substrate. The SHG radiated inside the waveguides was also experimentally investigated. In our experiments, the second guided mode of the waveguide was tuned to the band edge resonance to enhance the second harmonic generation. The highest conversion efficiency of CSHG using photonic band gap (PBG) was around 50 times compared to SHG emission from non-patterned lithium niobate. A numerical model was used to corroborate the experimental result. It was also found that the SHG signal in the waveguides is quenched compared to the CSHG signal.
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Cong Deng, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Aziz Mahfoud, Concita Sibilia, Michael Scalora, Aleksei M. Zheltikov, "Enhanced Cerenkov second-harmonic generation in patterned lithium niobate", Proc. SPIE 6123, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies X, 61230N (24 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.646952; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.646952
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