15 February 2006 A high repetition rate TEA CO2 laser operating at λ=9.3-μm for the rapid and conservative ablation and modification of dental hard tissues
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 6137, Lasers in Dentistry XII; 61370H (2006) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.661794
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2006, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
TEA CO2 lasers tuned to the strong mineral absorption of hydroxyapatite near λ=9-μm are ideally suited for the efficient ablation of dental hard tissues if the laser-pulse is stretched to greater than 5-10-μs to avoid plasma shielding phenomena. Such CO2 lasers are capable of operating at high repetition rates for the rapid removal of dental hard tissues. An Impact 2500 TEA CO2 laser system from GSI Lumonics (Rugby, UK) custom modified by LightMachinery (Ottawa, Canada) with a repetition rate of 0-500 Hz was used for rapid tissue removal. The single pulse ablation rates through enamel were determined for incident fluence ranging from (1-160 J/cm2). Lateral incisions using a computer controlled scanning stage and water spray were produced and the crater morphology and chemical composition were measured using optical microscopy and high-resolution synchrotron radiation infrared spectromicroscopy. The transmission through 2-meter length 300, 500, 750 and 1000-μm silica hollow waveguides was measured and 80% transmission was achieved with 40-mJ per pulse. The λ=9.3-μm laser pulses efficiently removed dental enamel at rates exceeding 15-μm per pulses with minimal heat accumulation. The residual energy remaining in tooth samples was measured to be 30-40% without water cooling, significantly lower than for longer CO2 laser pulses. These results suggest that high repetition rate TEA CO2 laser systems operating at λ=9.3-μm with pulse durations of 10-20-μs are ideally suited for dental application.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kenneth Fan, Daniel Fried, "A high repetition rate TEA CO2 laser operating at λ=9.3-μm for the rapid and conservative ablation and modification of dental hard tissues", Proc. SPIE 6137, Lasers in Dentistry XII, 61370H (15 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.661794; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.661794
PROCEEDINGS
9 PAGES


SHARE
Back to Top