15 February 2006 Micro-Raman spectroscopy on oral tissues
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Proceedings Volume 6137, Lasers in Dentistry XII; 61370P (2006) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.651678
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2006, San Jose, California, United States
Micro-Raman Spectroscopy (μ-RS) provides a unique tool in medicine for a not invasive and real time analysis of biological tissue for biopsy and "in vivo" investigation. Based on the evaluation of molecular vibration frequencies, the μ-RS is able to detect the main molecular bonds of protein constituents, as the C-H and C-C ones. Changes in frequency or in the relative intensity of the vibration modes revealed by μ-RS can be related to changes of chemical bond and of protein structure induced by pathology. The μ-RS has been performed on samples of oral tissue from informed patients, affected by pemphigus vulgaris (an oral pathology) in an advanced regression state. The biopsies were thin slices (about 1mm thick) with 6mm diameter. The sample was measured through a 170 μm thick cover-glass. The experimental set-up was mainly composed by a He-Ne laser and a monochromator equipped with a Peltier cell and with a grating of 1800 grooves/mm. The laser light was focused on the sample surface by means of a long focal length 50X optical objective. The main protein bonds are clearly detectable in the considered samples and this give important information on the integrity and on the state of tissue components (lipids and proteins), and consequently on the occurrence of pathology. The potential application of this method for in vivo analysis is an invaluable alternative to biopsy and pathological examinations for many medical application as screening diagnostic, therapy progress examination, and surgical support.
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F. Zenone, F. Zenone, M. Lepore, M. Lepore, G. Perna, G. Perna, P. Carmone, P. Carmone, R. Riccio, R. Riccio, G. M. Gaeta, G. M. Gaeta, V. Capozzi, V. Capozzi, "Micro-Raman spectroscopy on oral tissues", Proc. SPIE 6137, Lasers in Dentistry XII, 61370P (15 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.651678; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.651678

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