28 February 2006 Wound healing stimulation in mice by low-level light
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Proceedings Volume 6140, Mechanisms for Low-Light Therapy; 61400C (2006) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.646310
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2006, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
It has been known for many years that low levels of laser or non-coherent light (LLLT) accelerate some phases of wound healing. LLLT can stimulate fibroblast and keratinocyte proliferation and migration. It is thought to work via light absorption by mitochondrial chromophores leading to an increase in ATP, reactive oxygen species and consequent gene transcription. However, despite many reports about the positive effects of LLLT on wound healing, its use remains controversial. Our laboratory has developed a model of a full thickness excisional wound in mice that allows quantitative and reproducible light dose healing response curves to be generated. We have found a biphasic dose response curve with a maximum positive effect at 2 J/cm2 of 635-nm light and successively lower beneficial effects from 3-25 J/cm2, the effect is diminished at doses below 2J/cm2 and gradually reaches control healing levels. At light doses above 25 J/cm2 healing is actually worse than controls. The two most effective wavelengths of light were found to be 635 and 820-nm. We found no difference between filtered 635±15-nm light from a lamp and 633-nm light from a HeNe laser. The strain and age of the mouse affected the magnitude of the effect. Light treated wounds start to contract after illumination while control wounds initially expand for the first 24 hours. Our hypothesis is that a single brief light exposure soon after wounding affects fibroblast cells in the margins of the wound. Cells may be induced to proliferate, migrate and assume a myofibroblast phenotype. Our future work will be focused on understanding the mechanisms underlying effects of light on wound healing processes.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Tatiana N. Demidova, Tatiana N. Demidova, Ira M. Herman, Ira M. Herman, Elena V. Salomatina, Elena V. Salomatina, Anna N. Yaroslavsky, Anna N. Yaroslavsky, Michael R. Hamblin, Michael R. Hamblin, } "Wound healing stimulation in mice by low-level light", Proc. SPIE 6140, Mechanisms for Low-Light Therapy, 61400C (28 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.646310; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.646310
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