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2 March 2006 Tomosynthesis reconstruction using the simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART) on breast phantom data
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Digital tomosynthesis mammography (DTM) is a promising approach to breast cancer detection. DTM can provide 3D structural information of the breast tissue by reconstructing the imaged volume from 2D projections acquired at different angles in a limited angular range. In this work, we investigate the application of the Simultaneous Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (SART) to this limited-angle cone-beam tomographic problem. A second generation GE prototype tomosynthesis mammography system was used in this study. Projection-view images of different breast phantoms were acquired from 21 angles in 3° increments over a ±30° angular range. The digital detector is stationary during image acquisition. We used an ACR phantom and two additional phantoms to evaluate the image quality and reconstruction artifacts. The Back-Projection (BP) method was also implemented for comparison to SART. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), line profile of features and an artifact spread function (ASF) were used to quantitatively evaluate the reconstruction results. Preliminary results show that both BP and SART can separate superimposed phantom structures along the Z direction, but SART is more effective in improving the conspicuity of tissue-mimicking details and suppressing interplane blurring. For the phantoms with homogeneous background, the BP method resulted in less noisy reconstruction and higher CNR values for masses than SART, but SART provided greater enhancement in the contrast of calcification clusters and the edge sharpness of masses and fibrils. It was shown that acceptable reconstruction can be achieved by SART after only one iteration.
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Yiheng Zhang, Heang-Ping Chan, Berkman Sahiner, Jun Wei, Mitchell M. Goodsitt, Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, Jun Ge, and Chuan Zhou "Tomosynthesis reconstruction using the simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART) on breast phantom data", Proc. SPIE 6142, Medical Imaging 2006: Physics of Medical Imaging, 614249 (2 March 2006);

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