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10 March 2006 Automatic segmentation of pulmonary fissures in x-ray CT images using anatomic guidance
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The pulmonary lobes are the five distinct anatomic divisions of the human lungs. The physical boundaries between the lobes are called the lobar fissures. Detection of lobar fissure positions in pulmonary X-ray CT images is of increasing interest for the early detection of pathologies, and also for the regional functional analysis of the lungs. We have developed a two-step automatic method for the accurate segmentation of the three pulmonary fissures. In the first step, an approximation of the actual fissure locations is made using a 3-D watershed transform on the distance map of the segmented vasculature. Information from the anatomically labeled human airway tree is used to guide the watershed segmentation. These approximate fissure boundaries are then used to define the region of interest (ROI) for a more exact 3-D graph search to locate the fissures. Within the ROI the fissures are enhanced by computing a ridgeness measure, and this is used as the cost function for the graph search. The fissures are detected as the optimal surface within the graph defined by the cost function, which is computed by transforming the problem to the problem of finding a minimum s-t cut on a derived graph. The accuracy of the lobar borders is assessed by comparing the automatic results to manually traced lobe segments. The mean distance error between manually traced and computer detected left oblique, right oblique and right horizontal fissures is 2.3 ± 0.8 mm, 2.3 ± 0.7 mm and 1.0 ± 0.1 mm, respectively.
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Soumik Ukil, Milan Sonka, and Joseph M. Reinhardt "Automatic segmentation of pulmonary fissures in x-ray CT images using anatomic guidance", Proc. SPIE 6144, Medical Imaging 2006: Image Processing, 61440N (10 March 2006);

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