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17 March 2006 The influence of CT dose and reconstruction parameters on automated detection of small pulmonary nodules
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The aim of our investigation was to assess the influence of both CT acquisition dose and reconstruction kernel on computer-aided detection (CAD) of pulmonary nodules. Our hypothesis is that the detection of small nodules is affected by the noise characteristics of the image and the signal to noise ratio of the nodule and bronchiovascular anatomy. Knowledge gained from this experiment will assist in developing an advanced CAD system designed to detect smaller and more subtle nodules with minimal false positives. Eleven research subjects were selected from the Lung Image Database Consortium (LIDC) database based on our inclusion criteria of: 1) having at least one nodule and 2) available raw CT projection data for the series that our institution submitted to the LIDC study. Using the original raw projection data, research software simulated raw projection data acquired with a dose reduced 32-40% from the original scan. Projection data for both dose levels was reconstructed with smooth to very sharp kernels (B10f, B30f, B50f, and B70f). The resulting series were used to investigate the influence of dose and reconstruction kernel on CAD performance. A prototype CAD system was used to investigate changes in sensitivity and false positives with varying imaging parameters. In a sub-study, the prototype system was compared to a commercial CAD system. We did not have enough subjects to conclude significance, but the results indicate our research system had a higher sensitivity with the smooth or medium reconstruction kernels than with the sharper kernels. The sensitivity was similar for both dose levels. The false positive rate was higher with the smooth kernels and the lower dose levels.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Robert Ochs, Erin Angel, Kirsten Boedeker, Iva Petkovska, Christoph Panknin, Jonathan Goldin M.D., Denise Aberle M.D., Michael McNitt-Gray, and Matthew Brown "The influence of CT dose and reconstruction parameters on automated detection of small pulmonary nodules", Proc. SPIE 6144, Medical Imaging 2006: Image Processing, 61445W (17 March 2006);

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