11 April 2006 Defect studies of resist process for 193nm immersion lithography
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193nm immersion lithography is the most promising lithographic technology for the semiconductor device manufacturing of 65nm node and below. The advantage of 193nm immersion lithography is the possibility of wider depth of focus (DOF) and higher resolution through the hyper NA lens design greater than 1.0(1-3). In this paper, we investigated the topcoat material film characteristics and evaluated its performance to determine the chemical properties needed for a practical level. The stage scan speed capability evaluation, which is one of the best available method to test the suppression or generation of small water droplet remains on the topcoat film at high-speed stage scan during immersion exposure, was used. And finally we investigated the defectivity of topcoat process utilizing the Nikon EET. The static and dynamic contact angles of water droplet were investigated to characterize the topcoat material. The tilting sliding and receding angle, the contact angle of water droplet at the dynamic state, were important parameters to characterize the topcoat materials and have good correlation to wafer stage scan speed capability and immersion defect count reduction.
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Tomoyuki Ando, Tomoyuki Ando, Katsumi Ohmori, Katsumi Ohmori, Satoshi Maemori, Satoshi Maemori, Toshikazu Takayama, Toshikazu Takayama, Keita Ishizuka, Keita Ishizuka, Masaaki Yoshida, Masaaki Yoshida, Tomoyuki Hirano, Tomoyuki Hirano, Jiro Yokoya, Jiro Yokoya, Katsushi Nakano, Katsushi Nakano, Tomoharu Fujiwara, Tomoharu Fujiwara, Soichi Owa, Soichi Owa, "Defect studies of resist process for 193nm immersion lithography", Proc. SPIE 6153, Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XXIII, 615309 (11 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.656164; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.656164


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