5 April 2006 Design, fabrication, and testing of a SMA hybrid composite jet engine chevron
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Control of jet noise continues to be an important research topic. Exhaust nozzle chevrons have been shown to reduce jet noise, but parametric effects are not well understood. Additionally, thrust loss due to chevrons at cruise suggests significant benefit from deployable chevrons. The focus of this study is development of an active chevron concept for the primary purpose of parametric studies for jet noise reduction in the laboratory and technology development to leverage for full scale systems. The active chevron concept employed in this work consists of a laminated composite structure with embedded shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators, termed a SMA hybrid composite (SMAHC). The actuators are embedded on one side of the middle surface such that thermal excitation generates a moment and deflects the structure. A brief description of the chevron design is given followed by details of the fabrication approach. Results from bench top tests are presented and correlated with numerical predictions from a model for such structures that was recently implemented in MSC.Nastran and ABAQUS. Excellent performance and agreement with predictions is demonstrated. Results from tests in a representative flow environment are also presented. Excellent performance is again achieved for both open- and closed-loop tests, the latter demonstrating control to a specified immersion into the flow. The actuation authority and immersion performance is shown to be relatively insensitive to nozzle pressure ratio (NPR). Very repeatable immersion control with modest power requirements is demonstrated.
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Travis L. Turner, Travis L. Turner, Randolph H. Cabell, Randolph H. Cabell, Roberto J. Cano, Roberto J. Cano, Gary A. Fleming, Gary A. Fleming, "Design, fabrication, and testing of a SMA hybrid composite jet engine chevron", Proc. SPIE 6173, Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, 61731B (5 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.660844; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.660844

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