5 April 2006 Environmental testing of wireless sensor system for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure
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Abstract
Presented in this paper is the environmental testing of Wireless Intelligent Sensor and Actuator Network (WISAN) currently under development at Clarkson University for the use of long-term structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure. The wireless sensor nodes will undergo controlled mechanical vibration and environmental testing in the laboratory. A temperature chamber will be used to perform temperature cycle tests on the sensor nodes. The temperature chamber will also houses a small shaker capable of introducing mechanical loading under the controlled temperature cycle tests. At low temperatures, the resistance of the electronics processing and storage characteristics will be studied. Also, the testing will look at volume expansion and degradation of characteristics due to freezing, degradation of functions and performance, and mechanical characteristics caused by contraction. At high temperatures, temperature-related changes in sensor nodes due to excessively high temperatures will be investigated. Also studied will be the effects of temperature cycles, including the thermal stresses induced in the nodes and housing and the distortion caused due to expansion and contraction, fatigue, cracks, and changes in electrical characteristics due to mechanical displacement. And finally, mechanical vibration loading will be introduced to the WISAN sensor nodes. Mechanical looseness, fatigue destruction, wire disconnection, damage due to harmonic vibration, defective socket contact, joint wear, destruction due to harmonics, lead breakage, occurrence of noise and abnormal vibration, cracking will be monitored. The eventual goal of the tests is to verify WISAN's performance under anticipated field conditions in which the sensors will be deployed.
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Michael P. Fuchs, Kerop D. Janoyan, Edward S. Sazonov, Vidya Krishnamurthy, Ratan Jha, Kevin Cross, "Environmental testing of wireless sensor system for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure", Proc. SPIE 6174, Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems, 617405 (5 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.658968; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.658968
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