20 April 2006 Micro/nano-scale design, fabrication, and integration of generic and application-specific optical printed circuit boards (OPCB) and VLSI photonic integrated circuits
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
This paper presents a collective review of our original work on the micro/nano-scale design, fabrication and integration of optical waveguide arrays and devices for what we call generic and application-specific "optical printed circuit boards" (O-PCBs) and VLSI photonic integrated circuits (VLSI-PICs). O-PCBs and VLSI-PICs, both generic or application specific, consist of planar circuits and arrays of polymer waveguides and devices of various dimensions and characteristics to perform the functions of transporting, switching, routing and distributing optical signals on flat modular boards. We fabricate optical wires out of polymer, silica, or silicon materials. Generic O-PCBs and VLSIPICs consist of an optical layer carrying basic forms of optical wires and devices and an electrical layer carrying arrays of electrical wires and devices. Application-specific O-PCBs and VLSI-PICs carry optical layers that are composed of varied forms of optical wires and devices tailored to perform specific functions. For generic structures of O-PCBs and VLSI-PICs, we present theoretical calculations leading to basic design rules for the miniaturization of the waveguide devices and for the maximization of the integration densities of the waveguides and devices to be placed on the board or chips. For application specific O-PCBs we present several examples, including O-PCB and modules for inter-chip optical interconnection for computer systems, an all-optical wavelength splitting triplexer module for subscriber telecommunication systems, MMIs, and a grating module for sensor systems. For VLSI-PICs we present examples of photonic crystal directional couplers, MMIs, power splitters, wavelength splitters, triplexers, and plasmonic directional couplers.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
El-Hang Lee, El-Hang Lee, S. G Lee, S. G Lee, B. H. O, B. H. O, S. G. Park, S. G. Park, K. H. Kim, K. H. Kim, S. H. Song, S. H. Song, H. S. Noh, H. S. Noh, "Micro/nano-scale design, fabrication, and integration of generic and application-specific optical printed circuit boards (OPCB) and VLSI photonic integrated circuits", Proc. SPIE 6183, Integrated Optics, Silicon Photonics, and Photonic Integrated Circuits, 618301 (20 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.659712; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.659712
PROCEEDINGS
11 PAGES


SHARE
Back to Top