20 April 2006 Characteristics of rib waveguide racetrack resonators in SOI
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Abstract
Optical ring/racetrack resonators have the sufficient flexibility to realise many functions in a single device, from filters/multiplexers, to modulators, to switches. The use of Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) material, coupled with Ultra Large Scale Integration (ULSI) processing techniques, may allow the cost of these devices to become economically advantageous over current components. This paper describes our recent work in developing polarisation independent ring resonators, and subsequent, work on increasing the limited free spectral range and full width half maximum of the resonance. There are two key components that comprise a polarisation-independent racetrack resonator: a polarisation-independent rib waveguide and a polarisation-independent directional coupler. Polarisation independence is achieved in the waveguides when the geometrical design ensures that both polarisation modes propagate with the same effective index. We report on such devices together with polarisation independent couplers, which are achieved by allowing different inter multiples of the coupling length for the TE and the TM modes. By combining these components, the resulting device is a polarisation independent ring resonators. These devices have been thermally modulated by means of a modulated visible laser and alternatively via small heaters fabricated on the waveguides. We have also modelled ring resonator modulators via carrier injection and depletion. Subsequently we have improved the device characteristics by employing smaller bend radii to increase the free spectral range by a factor of 5, and by cascading racetracks to improve the full width half maxima of the resonance by almost 40%. Experimental results are reported for most of the above characteristics. We will further investigate the opportunities for increasing the FSR whilst retaining polarisation independence, the possibility of retaining polarisation independence whilst utilising the properties of the ring resonator to form improved modulators.
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G. T. Reed, G. T. Reed, W. R. Headley, W. R. Headley, F. Y. Gardes, F. Y. Gardes, B. D. Timotijevic, B. D. Timotijevic, S. P. Chan, S. P. Chan, G. Z. Mashanovich, G. Z. Mashanovich, } "Characteristics of rib waveguide racetrack resonators in SOI", Proc. SPIE 6183, Integrated Optics, Silicon Photonics, and Photonic Integrated Circuits, 61830G (20 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.666758; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.666758
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