25 April 2006 Use of the polarization properties of fiber Bragg gratings for sensing purposes
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Abstract
Birefringence in fiber Bragg gratings can result from two distinct effects that combine with the intrinsic fiber birefringence: the birefringence induced by the UV photo-writing and the birefringence due to a transversal load. In both cases, it leads to polarization dependent loss and differential group delay inside gratings. This paper aims to provide a characterization, both theoretically and experimentally, of the polarization dependent loss and the differential group delay generated by uniform Bragg gratings written into single mode optical fibers. We demonstrate that the measured polarization properties can be accurately reconstructed by means of the coupled mode theory and the Jones formalism. We also demonstrate that the PDL and DGD evolutions contain information about birefringence and can thus be used for transverse force sensing purposes. Experimental results obtained on fiber Bragg gratings transversally loaded by an external force confirm the simulated evolutions.
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C. Caucheteur, C. Caucheteur, S. Bette, S. Bette, R. Garcia-Olcina, R. Garcia-Olcina, M. Wuilpart, M. Wuilpart, S. Sales, S. Sales, H. Ottevaere, H. Ottevaere, F. Berghmans, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, H. Thienpont, J. Capmany, J. Capmany, P. Mégret, P. Mégret, } "Use of the polarization properties of fiber Bragg gratings for sensing purposes", Proc. SPIE 6189, Optical Sensing II, 618922 (25 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.662817; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.662817
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