20 April 2006 In-line deposition of high-efficiency p-i-n organic light-emitting devices
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OLED devices with electrically doped transport layers show low operating voltage, high efficiency and long lifetime [1-3, 5, 7]. This paper demonstrates that the concept of p- and n-type electrical doping can be applied under manufacturing conditions. It shows that handling of dopants, adjustment of doping concentrations, and preparation of p-i-n type OLED stacks is possible with the worldwide first vertical in-line set-up. An in-line-manufactured highly efficient RGB-OLED-system is presented.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
M. Toerker, M. Toerker, J. Amelung, J. Amelung, M. Eritt, M. Eritt, D. Hill, D. Hill, C. Luber, C. Luber, F. Löffler, F. Löffler, Ch. May, Ch. May, Ch. Zschippang, Ch. Zschippang, Karl Leo, Karl Leo, } "In-line deposition of high-efficiency p-i-n organic light-emitting devices", Proc. SPIE 6192, Organic Optoelectronics and Photonics II, 619203 (20 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.662813; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.662813

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