20 April 2006 In-line deposition of high-efficiency p-i-n organic light-emitting devices
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Abstract
OLED devices with electrically doped transport layers show low operating voltage, high efficiency and long lifetime [1-3, 5, 7]. This paper demonstrates that the concept of p- and n-type electrical doping can be applied under manufacturing conditions. It shows that handling of dopants, adjustment of doping concentrations, and preparation of p-i-n type OLED stacks is possible with the worldwide first vertical in-line set-up. An in-line-manufactured highly efficient RGB-OLED-system is presented.
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M. Toerker, M. Toerker, J. Amelung, J. Amelung, M. Eritt, M. Eritt, D. Hill, D. Hill, C. Luber, C. Luber, F. Löffler, F. Löffler, Ch. May, Ch. May, Ch. Zschippang, Ch. Zschippang, Karl Leo, Karl Leo, } "In-line deposition of high-efficiency p-i-n organic light-emitting devices", Proc. SPIE 6192, Organic Optoelectronics and Photonics II, 619203 (20 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.662813; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.662813
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