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23 May 2006 Efficient pump beam coupling in EDFA with two mutually pumped phase conjugate mirrors
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Abstract
In the bidirectional pumped Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA), we propose the new method with two Mutually Pumped Phase Conjugate Mirrors (MPPCMs) to couple the pump beam into the fiber. This method makes it possible to couple the pump beam into the propagation mode of the fiber without high precision adjustment by the characteristic of MPPCM. Additionally, high precision readjustment is not required when a LD, fiber or lens is exchanged due to failures. In our method, it is important to obtain high diffraction efficiency of MPPCM for high coupling efficiency between the pump beam and the fiber. Diffraction efficiency of MPPCM depends on the intensity ratio of two incident beam intensities inside the PRC. We analyze the coupling efficiency for the intensity ratio of two pump beams, and show the optimum intensity ratio of two pump beams. Then, we perform an experiment to couple the pump beam (Ar+ laser 514.5nm) to the fiber (multimode fiber of 62.5μm core diameter). In the experiment, coupling efficiency higher than 35% was confirmed. Moreover, in our method, the time to complete the coupling depends on the beam intensities in the early stage of the process. Therefore, we also propose the 4f imaging system to achieve a faster coupling at the early stage, and design the optical system to improve the time to complete the coupling in our method.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Shugo Kano, Atsushi Okamoto, Yoshihisa Takayama, Kunihiro Sato, and Hideyuki Kaseda "Efficient pump beam coupling in EDFA with two mutually pumped phase conjugate mirrors", Proc. SPIE 6193, Reliability of Optical Fiber Components, Devices, Systems, and Networks III, 61930F (23 May 2006); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.662395
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