20 April 2006 Time-resolved reflectivity of low-temperature grown InAs/GaAs quantum dots
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Abstract
We study a set of low temperature (LT, 250°C) Stranski-Krastanow InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) grown using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The QDs are studied by Photoluminescence (PL) and Time Resolved Differential Reflectivity (TRDR) for obtaining the carrier dynamics also. The LT-growth is expected to combine an ultrafast response time with a large QD optical nonlinearity, making it a good candidate for ultrafast all-optical switching devices. We observe a QD photoluminescence peak around 1200 nm on top of a background due to the AsGa-VAs center. We observe that the PL-efficiency is quenched above 30K. The PL-efficiency increases by a factor of 45 - 280 as a function of excitation wavelength around the GaAs bandgap, for different samples. This points towards good optical quality QDs, which are embedded in an LT-GaAs barrier with high trapping efficiency. In the TRDR measurements, we observe an initial fast decay (80ps) followed by a much slower decay of about 800ps. The strong temperature dependence of the PL-signal is not observed in the reflectivity signal. This leads us to conclude that the electrons tunnel out of the QD and are subsequently efficiently trapped by As antisite defects while the hole decay dynamics take place at a slower rate, which is monitored in TRDR. Our observations point towards QDs with good optical quality, embedded in a LT-GaAs barrier in which the carriers are efficiently trapped at anti-site defects.
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Dilna Sreenivasan, Dilna Sreenivasan, Jos Haverkort, Jos Haverkort, Huahan Zhan, Huahan Zhan, Tom Eijkemans, Tom Eijkemans, Richard Nötzel, Richard Nötzel, } "Time-resolved reflectivity of low-temperature grown InAs/GaAs quantum dots", Proc. SPIE 6195, Nanophotonics, 619520 (20 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.662740; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.662740
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