12 May 2006 Superficial photoluminescence and PV conversion of nanoscale Si-layered systems at 400 nm
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Abstract
A surprising photovoltaic (PV) conversion at 400 nm has been observed in nanoscale Si-layered systems (ns-Si-ls) during spectral response measurements. In conventional solar cells the UV and blue PV conversion may be poor because of the surface recombination within a thin superficial layer. In multi-interface novel devices (MIND) containing ns-Si-ls this conversion is always negligible within an even thicker surface dead zone from which practically no free-carriers can be collected. So the measured 400 nm band PV conversion in MIND cells is totally inconsistent with usually observed effects. Another CE paradox concerns its inversely proportional variation versus incident flux intensity, lower the intensity higher the CE, which value can even exceed unity. This new effect is also localized at the superficial nanostratum and originates from postimplantation defects and nanostructures formed during the implantation process. A similar low energy free-carrier generation has been observed recently in MIND cells with buried ns-Si-ls having a relatively very thin superficial stratum because of an excellent electronic passivation. No available publication mentions such an effect despite extensive investigations on the subject of structural and optical properties of Si nanoparticles, Si nanolayers, new Si-based materials such as semiconductor silicides and the luminescence-center doped Si materials. In this work, the carrier collection properties of the superficial Si nanostratum are reported and discussed in detail in relation to incident flux intensity. An additional low energy generation was observed experimentally. The effect could have capital importance for a breakthrough in the PV conversion efficiency in Si solar cells with nanotransformations.
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Zbigniew T. Kuznicki, Zbigniew T. Kuznicki, Patrick Meyrueis, Patrick Meyrueis, Gérard Sarrabayrouse, Gérard Sarrabayrouse, Bernard Rousset, Bernard Rousset, } "Superficial photoluminescence and PV conversion of nanoscale Si-layered systems at 400 nm", Proc. SPIE 6197, Photonics for Solar Energy Systems, 619715 (12 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.662951; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.662951
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